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سجع مطرّف

سه شنبه 15 آبان 1386  02:11 ق.ظ

نوع مطلب :عمومی ،

(یعنی طرف دار: طرف اول یکی از کلمات از طرف اول کلمه دیگر سنگین تر است.)

در آن اتحاد رَوی شرط است و حداقل یکی از طرفین سجع باید بیش از یک هجا داشته باشد. سجع مطرف بر دو نوع است:

الف: دو کلمه در تعداد هجا متفاوت اند و صامت آغازین هجای قافیه متغیر است :

دست dast/ شکست še-kast / راز rāz / نواز  na-vāz/ دانشمند / پند

ز بس گل که در باغ مأوی گرفت

چمن رنگ ارتنگ مانی گرفت
 (رابعه)

کلمات سجع از نظر تعداد هجا مساوی باشند اما هجاهای غیر قافیه از نظر کمیت یعنی کوتاهی و بلندی یکسان نباشند:   

ko-Jā /کجا  dar/yā دریا / va-עar? / وقار at-vārاطوار

در این مثالat ? و dar هجای بلند و va  و ko هجای کوتاه هستند.

نه باغبان و نه بستان که سرو قامت تو

برست و ولوله در باغ و بوستان انداخت

(سعدی)

در باغبان bān- עbā و بستان bos-tān ، هجای עbā مانند bosسه واک دارد، اما از آن کشیده تر است (هجای کشیده).

در شعر که پیرو قواعد عروضی است باغبان با بستان تساوی هجایی ندارد. از این رو قسمت «ب» سجع مطرف هیچگاه نمی تواند قافیه باشد.


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